What is the meaning of Parliamentary form of Government?
Coalition with INC Other parties India has a multi-party systemwhere there are a number of national as well as regional parties. A regional party may gain a majority and rule a particular state.
If a party is represented in more than 4 states, it would be labelled a national party. The party enjoyed a parliamentary majority save for two brief periods during the s and late s. This rule was interrupted between andwhen the Janata Party coalition won the election owing to public discontent with the controversial state of emergency declared by the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.
The Janata Dal won elections inbut its government managed to hold on to power for only two years. Between andthere was a period of political flux with the government being formed first by the nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party BJP followed by a left-leaning United Front coalition.
Inthe BJP formed the National Democratic Alliance with smaller regional parties, and became the first non-INC and coalition government to complete a full five-year term. The Indian elections saw the INC winning the largest number of seats to form a Working of parliamentary democracy in indian leading the United Progressive Allianceand supported by left-parties and those opposed to the BJP.
The UPA ruled India without the support of the left front.
Previously, Atal Bihari Vajpayee  had taken office in October after a general election in which a BJP-led coalition of 13 parties called the National Democratic Alliance emerged with a majority. Formation of coalition governments reflects the transition in Indian politics away from the national parties toward smaller, more narrowly based regional parties.
Some regional parties, especially in South India, are deeply aligned to the ideologies of the region unlike the national parties and thus the relationship between the central government and the state government in various states has not always been free of rancor.
Disparity between the ideologies of the political parties ruling the centre and the state leads to severely skewed allocation of resources between the states.
Political issues See also: Corruption in India Social issues This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
October Learn how and when to remove this template message The lack of homogeneity in the Indian population causes division between different sections of the people based on religionregionlanguagecaste and race.
This has led to the rise of political parties with agendas catering to one or a mix of these groups. Parties in India also target people who are not in favour of other parties and use them as an asset.
Some other parties claim to be universal in nature, but tend to draw support from particular sections of the population. The narrow focus and votebank politics of most parties, even in the central government and central legislature, sidelines national issues such as economic welfare and national security.
Moreover, internal security is also threatened as incidences of political parties instigating and leading violence between two opposing groups of people is a frequent occurrence. Economic issues This section does not cite any sources.
October Learn how and when to remove this template message Economic issues like povertyunemploymentdevelopment are main issues that influence politics.
Garibi hatao eradicate poverty has been a slogan of the Indian National Congress for a long time. The Communist Party of India Marxist vehemently supports left-wing politics like land-for-allright to work and strongly opposes neo-liberal policies such as globalisationcapitalism and privatisation.
Law and order TerrorismNaxalismreligious violence and caste-related violence are important issues that affect the political environment of the Indian nation.
Terrorism has affected politics India since its conception, be it the terrorism supported from Pakistan or the internal guerrilla groups such as Naxalites.
In the former prime minister Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated during an election campaign. Law and order issues, such as action against organised crime are issues which do not affect the outcomes of elections. On the other hand, there is a criminal—politician nexus.
Many elected legislators have criminal cases against them.India is a parliamentary democracy and a federal parliamentary representative democratic republic, where the Prime Minister is the head of government.
He or she should be chosen by the MPs (Member of Parliaments) of the ruling party or the coalition that comes to power, and is the focal point of political power in India. Parliamentary Democracy in India Procedural Improvements Not Enough C V H WHILE parliamentary democracy in India, as a political ideal, is still exposed to hazards arising from significance for the working of parliamentary government, because.
“Functioning of Parliamentary Democracy in India” By Shri P.A. Sangma Parliamentary Democracy as distinguished from Presidential Democracy Our constitution provides for parliamentary form of .
India adopted the Parliamentary form of democracy in the year since India has been familiar with its working during the times of British Rule.
The type of government that functioned in India before independence in was very much similar to the British model of parliamentary. Parliamentary Democracy in India Procedural Improvements Not Enough C V H WHILE parliamentary democracy in India, as a political ideal, is still exposed to hazards arising from significance for the working of parliamentary government, because.
India is a federal parliamentary democratic republic in which the President of India is the head of state and the Prime Minister of India is the head of government. India follows the dual polity system, i.e. a double government that consists of the central authority at the centre and states at the periphery.