Paper manufacture The earliest papers used in Greek manuscripts were unwatermarked. These were papers of Arabic manufacture, which were gradually replaced by the earliest Italian papers and in some places paper of Catalan manufacture.
All data describing one individual sheet are stored in the sheet parameter file. In part, these data are identical for several sheets, i. These data are stored only once in the mould parameter file, and all data sets belonging to one mould in the sheet parameter file will contain the same reference to the one data set in the mould parameter file.
Every sheet may bear a different number of watermarks of which each individual description may be of interest. These de-scriptions are stored in the watermark parameter file. References in the sheet parameter file connect these descriptions with the paper sheet data set.
Bibliographical and codicological data are identical for all sheets or parts of sheets originating from the same copybook or book. So there will be only one data set for each book stored in the biblio-graphical and codicological file.
References in the sheet parameter file connect it with the relevant sheet data sets. The data of the papermill producing sheets are identical for a large number of sheets, i. Each papermill is registered only once and references in the mould para-meter file connect it with the moulds used in this mill.
The same applies to the individual papermaker of which only one data set exists in the papermaker masterfile. If one papermaker worked in more than one mill, references to the papermaker masterfile will connect it in the papermill masterfile.
Other special masterfiles, e. This structure is necessary for installing the databases with reference possibilities as mentioned abo-ve.
Only this structure permits minimal redundancies and at least for the era of hand papermakers the accurate reproduction of the relations between papermaker, papermill, mould, sheet and end user's product.
Convention for data exchange As basic rules, the following conventions for data exchange are fixed: INST; separator; Ent; separator; field name n; separator; content field n; end of line etc.vetconnexx.com offers 6, watermark paper products. About 13% of these are specialty paper, 13% are packaging labels, and 1% are kraft paper.
A wide variety of watermark paper options are available to you, such as anti-curl, moisture proof, and waterproof. copy paper watermark. Staples Sites Access all the ways to order faster. Easy Reorder. My Lists. Order By Number. My Orders. My Scheduled Auto Restock. My Smart Orders.
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copy paper watermark. Staples Sites Access all the ways to order faster. Easy Reorder. My Lists. Order By Number. My Orders. My Scheduled Auto Restock. My Smart Orders.
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My Business Exclusive Pricing. My Member Pricing. Order Center. My Profile. 1 PURPOSE OF THE STANDARD Historians, art historians, codicologists, criminologists and scholars in various other fields of scientific research make use of paper history, especially watermark analysis, in order to identify and date paper found in documents, books, manuscripts, prints, drawings, maps etc.
A watermark is an identifying image or pattern in paper that appears as various shades of lightness/darkness when viewed by transmitted light (or when viewed by reflected light, atop a dark background), caused by thickness or density variations in the paper.
Watermarked Paper. When it comes to stationery nothing is more elegant and sophisticated than a watermark on each sheet. A watermark not only communicates a sense of style by the user but also adds a degree of security to a document that bears a watermark.