How personal and societal values can influence ethical decision making in nursing

Under deontology, an act may be considered right even if the act produces a bad consequence, [35] if it follows the rule or moral law. According to the deontological view, people have a duty to act in a way that does those things that are inherently good as acts "truth-telling" for exampleor follow an objectively obligatory rule as in rule utilitarianism. Kant then argues that those things that are usually thought to be good, such as intelligenceperseverance and pleasurefail to be either intrinsically good or good without qualification. Pleasure, for example, appears to not be good without qualification, because when people take pleasure in watching someone suffer, they make the situation ethically worse.

How personal and societal values can influence ethical decision making in nursing

This article addresses wisdom-in-action for nursing practice. We briefly describe nursing theoryreview the wisdom literature as presented in various disciplines, and identify characteristics of wisdom by analyzing four models of wisdom from other disciplines.

We also present the ten antecedents of wisdom and the ten characteristics of wisdom identified in our analysis of the wisdom literature, discuss and summarize these antecedents, and conclude that understanding these ten antecedents and the ten characteristics of wisdom-in-action can both help nurses demonstrate wisdom as they provide nursing care and teach new nurses the process of becoming wise in nursing practice.

Thomas Stearns Eliotp. Eliot wrote this poetic line inrelating wisdom to knowledge and suggesting a distinct relationship between the concepts. Scope and Standards of Practice adding the concept of wisdom to the accepted framework of data, information, and knowledge concepts in nursing informatics.

Wisdom is defined in the Merriam-Webster Dictionary as a knowledge gained through life experiences, b the innate ability to understand things that others cannot understand, and c judgment or good sense.

Because nurses have a desire to apply wisdom within their practice and nurse informaticists need to understand how to support the use of wisdom in practice see discussion belowa clearer understanding of the concept is needed.

This article describes a deliberate study to identify characteristics of nursing wisdom by examining four theories in other disciplines.

Nursing Theory Theory is used in all aspects of nursing care and assists the practicing nurse in organizing, understanding and analyzing patient data. Nursing theory facilitates the development of nursing knowledge and provides principles to support nursing practice.

Nursing theory is developed from groups of concepts and describes their interrelationships, thus presenting a systematic view of nursing-related events. Theory is used in all aspects of nursing care and assists the practicing nurse in organizing, understanding and analyzing patient data.

Essentially, theory provides a systematic, consistent way of thinking about nursing care to guide the decision-making process. Theory-based, clinical practice occurs when nurses intentionally structure their practice around a particular theory to guide them in their care of the patient.

One of the greatest contributions grand theories Different levels of nursing theory exist; these levels include metatheory, grand theory, and mid-range theories.

Metatheories focus on theory about theory. These theories develop through asking philosophical and methodological questions to form a nursing foundation. One of the greatest contributions grand theories, largely developed between the s and the s, provide for nursing is the differentiation between nursing practice and the practice of medicine.

They offer the specificity needed for usefulness in research and practice, usually focusing on one specific topic or area of care and often beginning with a concept analysis and the development of a larger conceptual model often called a construct.

Review of the Wisdom Literature Wisdom is an abstract ideal, an end-point or characteristic, something applied in, yet separate from practice. Today, we have a large body of literature about wisdom, although much of it does not relate to wisdom in nursing practice.

Wisdom is an abstract ideal, an end-point or characteristic, something applied in, yet separate from practice. To support this exploration, definitions of wisdom from the early classic philosophy and psychology literature, and the alignment of these definitions with nursing, as well as definitions from the nursing literature are presented.

Philosophy Classical philosophers began defining wisdom as early as B. Plato wrote that wisdom is the knowledge about the good between all that exists Truglio-Londrigan, while according to Aristotle, wisdom is knowledge of the first causes and principles of things Rice, Aristotle differentiated wisdom into five states of mind: All five of these wisdom states could define the art and science of nursing practice.

The nursing profession is built upon scientific knowledge episteme and nursing practice is grounded with theory theoretikes ANA, Nurses must understand and stay abreast of current technology techne. One of the nursing standards of practice is ethics; hence, nurses integrate ethics phronesis into all areas of their practice.

Finally, the art of nursing practice is based on a framework of caring sophia.

How personal and societal values can influence ethical decision making in nursing

Psychology Personal wisdom comes into play after experienced nurses reflect on their own practice, and learn from their experiences, thereby increasing their personal knowledge. General wisdom is directed toward other individuals from a third-person perspective. It is a personal trait manifested by caring for others.

These are both important to understand because nursing pertains to both general and personal wisdom. Afterwards, learning from the caring experience can be applied personally. Personal wisdom comes into play after experienced nurses reflect on their own practice, and learn from their experiences, thereby increasing their personal knowledge.

How personal and societal values can influence ethical decision making in nursing

Results demonstrated that all age groups were able to change negative life experiences into positive ones when wisdom was used. Resulting themes included morality, integrity, overcoming risk or adversity, searching for insight, and striving toward individual improvement. Wisdom is assumed to be intrinsically associated with age and experience Wisdom is assumed to be intrinsically associated with age and experience.

Although older people have more experiences, age is not the only characteristic associated with wisdom. This is important for nursing because it means that age is not necessarily a factor in being a wise nurse.How Personal and Societal Values can Influence Ethical Decision Making When discussing nursing ethics, it is important to remember that ethics refers to ethical .

A. A1C A form of hemoglobin used to test blood sugars over a period of time. ABCs of Behavior An easy method for remembering the order of behavioral components: Antecedent, Behavior, Consequence. Study. Ethical value may be regarded as a study under ethics, which, in turn, may be grouped as vetconnexx.comrly, ethical value may be regarded as a subgroup of the more broad (and vague) philosophic vetconnexx.coml value denotes something's degree of importance, with the aim of determining what action or life is best to do, or at least attempt to describe the value .

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