A genus of rapacious birds; one of the Accipitres or Raptores. A bandage applied over the nose, resembling the claw of a hawk.
March 26, at 3: Throughout the internet, you can see a lot of comments about the long "chemtrails" of climate engineering and about the short "condensation trails" that are not the same thing as the longer trails that remain in the air after the spraying.
But is it true that the "short trails of condensation" sometimes with 50,or times the length of the airplanes are not also trails of aerosols? These shorter trails of aerosols are seen in much higher altitudes, in the stratosphere, and the density of the stratosphere is very different than the atmospheric density of the troposphere.
And it is because of this fact that the trails of aerosols do not stay a long time under the form of a long line and start dissipating very fast in a very thin stratosphere where the horizontal circulation of gases and particles occurs very quickly: The lowest layer is the troposphere, which extends from the surface to the bottom of the stratosphere.
Three quarters of the atmosphere's mass resides within the troposphere, and is the layer within which the Earth's terrestrial weather develops. The depth of this layer varies between 17 km at the equator to 7 km at the poles.
The stratosphere, extending from the top of the troposphere to the bottom of the mesosphere, contains the ozone layer. The ozone layer ranges in altitude between 15 and 35 km, and is where most of the ultraviolet radiation from the Sun is absorbed. The top of the mesosphere, ranges from 50 to 85 km, and is the layer wherein most meteors burn up.
The thermosphere extends from 85 km to the base of the exosphere at km and contains the ionosphere, a region where the atmosphere is ionised by incoming solar radiation.
The ionosphere increases in thickness and moves closer to the Earth during daylight and rises at night allowing certain frequencies of radio communication a greater range. The exosphere begins variously from about to 1, km above the surface, where it interacts with the planet's magnetosphere.
Each of the layers has a different lapse rate, defining the rate of change in temperature with height. The lowest part of the troposphere, where friction with the Earth's surface influences air flow, is the planetary boundary layer.
This layer is typically a few hundred meters to 2 km 1. Atop the troposphere is the tropopause, which is the border between the troposphere and stratosphere. The tropopause is an inversion layer, where the air temperature ceases to decrease with height and remains constant through its thickness.
Most of the phenomena associated with day-to-day weather occur in the troposphere. Air also contains a variable amount of water vapor. Except for the water vapor content, the composition of the troposphere is essentially uniform. The source of water vapor is at the Earth's surface through the process of evaporation.
The temperature of the troposphere decreases with altitude. And, saturation vapor pressure decreases strongly as temperature drops. Hence, the amount of water vapor that can exist in the atmosphere decreases strongly with altitude and the proportion of water vapor is normally greatest near the surface of the Earth.
The stratosphere is stratified in temperature, with warmer layers higher and cooler layers closer to the Earth. The increase of temperature with altitude is a result of the absorption of the Sun's ultraviolet radiation by the ozone layer. This is in contrast to the troposphere, near the Earth's surface, where temperature decreases with altitude.
The border between the troposphere and stratosphere, the tropopause, marks where this temperature inversion begins. Near the equator, the stratosphere starts at 18 km 59, ft; 11 mi ; at mid latitudes, it starts at 10—13 km 33,—43, ft; 6.
Temperatures vary within the stratosphere with the seasons, in particular with the polar night winter. The greatest variation of temperature takes place over the poles in the lower stratosphere; variations at lower latitudes and higher altitudes are smaller.
Winds in the stratosphere can sometimes exceed MPH, relative to the ground. All air entering the stratosphere must pass through the tropopause, the temperature minimum that divides the troposphere and stratosphere.
The rising air is literally freeze dried; the stratosphere is a very dry place.
The top of the stratosphere is called the stratopause, above which the temperature decreases with height.To calculate the molar ratios, you put the moles of one reactant over the moles of the other reactant.
This gives you a molar ratio of #"Al"# to #"I"_2# of #/# Usually, you divide each number in the fraction by the smaller number of moles. When I saw this problem on Yahoo Answers, the first answer given was , the reverse of the correct answer. is the molar ratio of SO 3 to O 2.
Make sure to write the numbers of the ratio in the same order as used in the question. We write the mole ratio of the reactant and the products.
M r of CuCO3 is we have g so the number of moles is ÷ = ; if the ratio of CuCO 3 to CuO is , then we must also have mol of CuO, the M r of CuO is Nuevo ELE - Libro del alumno + CD - Intermedio, Virgilio Borobio Thrombin - Physiology and Disease, Michael E.
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To calculate the molar ratios, you put the moles of one reactant over the moles of the other reactant. This gives you a molar ratio of #"Al"# to #"I"_2# of #/# Usually, you divide each number in the fraction by the smaller number of moles. Heroes and Villains - A little light reading. Here you will find a brief history of technology. Initially inspired by the development of batteries, it covers technology in general and includes some interesting little known, or long forgotten, facts as well as a few myths about the development of technology, the science behind it, the context in which it occurred and the deeds of the many. PRESS OPINIONS ON "THE CANTERBURY PUZZLES." "It is a book of remarkable ingenuity and interest."—Educational Times. "The most ingenious brain in England a fascinating new book."—.
To understand this, you need to be familiar with the molar ratio or mole ratio: Mole Ratio Definition. A mole ratio is the ratio between the amounts in moles of any two compounds involved in a chemical reaction. Mole ratios are used as conversion factors between products and reactants in many chemistry problems.
the mole to mole ratio is determined by the coefficients of the chemical reactants and products, example: \n. FeS + 2HCl = FeCl2 + H2S \n. Mol ratio = 1 2 1 1 \n.