Tweet on Twitter In the United States, many people are familiar with the name of Andrew Carnegie because of his work with establishing libraries across the country.
The United States, the growth of a single century, has already reached the foremost rank among nations, and is destined soon to out-distance all others in the race. In population, in wealth, in annual savings, and in public credit; in freedom from debt, in agriculture, and in manufactures, America already leads the civilized world.
Eighty years ago the whole of America and Europe did not contain so many people; and, if Europe and America continue their normal growth, it will be little more than another eighty years ere the mighty Republic may boast as many loyal citizens as all the rulers of Europe combined, for before the year Europe and America will each have a population of about six hundred millions.
The causes which have led to the rapid growth and aggrandizement of this latest addition to the family of nations constitute one of the most interesting problems in the social history of mankind.
What has brought about such stupendous results — so unparalleled a development of a nation within so ethnic character of the people, the topographical and climatic conditions under which they developed, and the influence of political institutions founded upon the equality of the citizen.
Certain writers in the past have maintained that the ethnic type of a people has less influence upon its growth as a nation than the conditions of life under which it is developing.
The modern ethnologist knows better. We have only to imagine what America would be today if she had fallen, in the beginning, into the hands of any other people than the colonizing British, to see how vitally important is this question of race. The home which has fallen to its lot, a domain more magnificent than has cradled any other race in the history of the world … The unity of the American people is further powerfully promoted by the foundation upon which the political structure rests, the equality of the citizen.
There is not one shred of privilege to be met with anywhere in all the laws. The flag is the guarantor and symbol of equality. The people are not emasculated by being made to feel that their own country decrees their inferiority, and holds them unworthy of privileges accorded to others.
No ranks, no titles, no hereditary dignities, and therefore no classes. Suffrage is universal, and votes are of equal weight. Representatives are paid, and political life and usefulness thereby thrown open to all.
Thus there is brought about a community of interests and aims which a Briton, accustomed to monarchial and aristocratic institutions, dividing the people into classes with separate interests, aims, thoughts, and feelings, can only with difficulty understand.
The free common school system of the land is probably, after all, the greatest single power in the unifying process which is producing the new American race. Through the crucible of a good common English education, furnished free by the State, pass the various racial elements — children of Irishmen, Germans, Italians, Spaniards, and Swedes, side by side with the native American, all to be fused into one, in language, in thought, in feeling, and in patriotism.
The Irish boy loses his brogue, and the German child learns English. The sympathies suited to the feudal systems of Europe, which they inherit from their fathers, pass off as dross, leaving behind the pure gold of the only noble political creed: There is no class so intensely patriotic, so wildly devoted to the Republic as the naturalized citizen and his child, for little does the native-born citizen know of the value of rights which have never been denied.
Only the man born abroad, like myself, under institutions which insult him at his birth, can know the full meaning of Republicanism. Andrew Carnegie, Triumphant Democracy:The Tycoons: How Andrew Carnegie, John D. Rockefeller, Jay Gould, and J.
P. Morgan Invented the American Supereconomy.
Andrew Carnegie (–) was among the wealthiest and most famous industrialists of his day. Through Carnegie Corporation of New York, the innovative philanthropic foundation he established in , his fortune has since supported everything from the discovery of insulin and the dismantling of nuclear weapons, to the creation of Pell Grants and Sesame Street.
Carnegie Mellon University and the Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh jointly administer the Andrew Carnegie Collection of digitized archives on Carnegie's life. Works. Wall, Joseph Frazier, ed. The Andrew Carnegie reader () online free; Round the World. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, An American Four-in-Hand in Britain.
New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, Oct 21, · ANDREW CARNEGIE wasn't born in Pittsburgh, nor did he die there, but Pittsburgh was where he made his money, and making money was something very dear to Carnegie's heart.
When it came time to dole. The New Tycoons: Andrew Carnegie By the time he died in , Carnegie had given away $,, At his death, the last $30,, was likewise given .
Andrew Carnegie helped build the formidable American steel industry, a process that turned a poor young man into the richest man in the world.