The authors state that their main motive is, " the quest for human dignity. Their concluding paragraph seems to support this motive: Trying to pretend that inequality does not really exist has led to disaster.
Successive generations of Americans have not only embraced Jefferson's noble sentiments, they have embellished them. Equality of political rights and legal standing has been expanded into a belief in literal equality; today, differences in outcome are taken as prima facie evidence of unequal opportunity.
In an egalitarian society such as ours, the existence of significant and enduring individual or group differences in intelligence is seen as a challenge to our highest ideals. This challenge is taken up by Richard J. The Bell Curve has a simple but powerful thesis: There are substantial individual and group differences in intelligence; these differences profoundly influence the social structure and organization of work in modern industrial societies, and they defy easy remediation.
In the current political milieu, this book's message is not merely controversial, it is incendiary. Wilson have learned, the mainstream media and much of the scientific community have little tolerance for those who would question our most cherished beliefs.
Herrnstein and Murray have received similar treatment. They have been cast as racists and elitists, and The Bell Curve has been dismissed as pseudoscience, ironically by some commentators who broadly proclaim that their critique has not benefited from a reading of the book.
The book's message cannot be dismissed so easily. Herrnstein and Murray have written one of the most provocative social science books published in many years. The issues raised are likely to be debated by academics and policymakers for years to come.
The emergence of a cognitive elite Commentators from across the political spectrum have documented the profound social changes that all industrialized societies are undergoing at the end of the 20th century--erosion of the middle class, loss of well-paying manufacturing jobs, and an emerging information age in which individual success will depend on brains not brawn.
The Bell Curve tells a similar story regarding the United States. It differs from other works by focusing on intelligence, rather than education or social class as a causal variable.
The authors tell us that true educational opportunity as a function of ability measured by IQ tests did not arrive in the United States until about Until that date only about 55 percent of high school graduates in the top IQ quartile went directly to college.
From tothis number jumped to 72 percent, and in over 80 percent of graduates in the highest ability quartile went to college. In addition, sorting by cognitive ability continues as students move through college.
It also occurs across colleges, with the elite schools selecting the more intellectually talented students. Finally, it continues across careers in the world of work. The authors argue that intellectual stratification through occupations is driven by powerful economic pressures.
This argument is based on a number of different and compelling lines of evidence. If Herrnstein and Murray are correct, current social inequalities reflect, in large part, the achievement of a meritocracy based on cognitive ability.
The notion of a meritocracy is not, in itself, an affront to American sensibilities. Social scientists have carefully documented that social mobility does occur from one generation to the next and that cognitive ability is a major factor in determining whether an individual will achieve greater or lesser social status than did his or her parents Waller, When each generation resorts in this way, the elements of fairness and opportunity are preserved.
What The Bell Curve makes clear is that the foundation's agenda is not so much to get the government off the backs of the people, but to get the redistributive government off the backs of the well-to-do. The Bell Curve begins with fundamental and important assumptions, makes assertions (supported by the author’s evidence), draws conclusions based on statistical analysis of the evidentiary data, and concludes with wide-ranging recommendations for national policy-makers to follow. The Bell Curve, published in , was written by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray to explain the variations in intelligence in American society, warn of some consequences of that variation, and propose social policies for mitigating the worst of the vetconnexx.comher: Free Press.
If, however, as The Bell Curve asserts, the heritability of IQ is quite high and there is a strong tendency for those similar in ability to marry, there will be less regression toward the mean in the cognitive ability of children of the intellectually talented and, therefore, less intergenerational reassortment.
Under these circumstances a meritocracy begins to look like an aristocracy, a perception that is strongly reinforced when the intellectual elite segregate themselves from the rest of society by living in separate neighborhoods, sending their children to private schools, and supporting social institutions that cater to their own unique interests.
The authors do argue that general cognitive ability i. The book explicitly disclaims, however, that general mental ability is the only determinant of social status, or that g is the sum total of an individual's social worth. The role of social class of origin The Bell Curve carefully documents in table after table, graph after graph that cognitive ability has become a more important determinant of social status than social class of origin.
Although this may come as a surprise to many, it is consistent with a large body of evidence. Research methodology in the domain of individual differences has changed dramatically in the past 20 years.
Many investigators in this domain now accept two major methodological principles:Start studying Chapter Black Americans. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
Search. creation of African American ethnic enclaves D) Jim Crow laws. A) master-slave social system The Bell Curve says the best explanation of wealth, status, poverty, and social pathologies is _____.
History of the race and intelligence controversy with data demonstrating increased reaction times among White Americans when compared with those of Native Americans and African Americans, with Native Americans having the shortest reaction time. the bell curve for American blacks roughly around 85 black year olds perform, on the.
Features of African Americans vary from light skins, blue or gray eyes, and blond hair to dark skins, black “Race” and the reality of human physical variation. Among the highly popularized reflections of this point of view was The Bell Curve. The Bell Curve, published in , was written by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray to explain the variations in intelligence in American society, warn of some consequences of that variation, and propose social policies for mitigating the worst of the vetconnexx.comher: Free Press.
African American Bell Curve Essay - The bell curve of African American rights has risen and fallen throughout Americas history. The period between the Pre-Civil War Era and the Post Civil War Era, were momentous in displaying the status and rights of African-Americans in the time.
What The Bell Curve makes clear is that the foundation's agenda is not so much to get the government off the backs of the people, but to get the redistributive government off the backs of the well-to-do.