An analysis of the failure of reconstruction after the civil war in the united states

The Civil War entailed a dramatic expansion of the roles and responsibilities of the central government that resulted in the ratification of the 13th14thand 15th Amendments to the Constitution. These amendments made involuntary servitude a federal crime, created a new federal dimension of citizenship for all Americans, and sought to guarantee universal male suffrage.

An analysis of the failure of reconstruction after the civil war in the united states

Civil War After the Civil war ended inthe south was in complete shambles, the economy was down, there were political struggles, and newly freed slaves needed to be included in society.

The goal of reconstruction was meant to reunite the nation and rebuild a southern society that was not based on slavery. Stampp and Eric Foner have opposite views on the success of reconstruction. We will write a custom essay sample on Failure of Reconstruction or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not Waste HIRE WRITER Stampp believes that the steps and reforms from reconstruction had long term effect which made it successful while Foner argues that reconstruction was a waste of time and that it has not produced one useful result.

The effort of reconstruction did not help improve the economy and the life of African Americans in general did not change much overall. Freed slaves post civil war were still uneducated and more importantly, they were still in the south.

This bill essentially stated to give African American families forty acres of land along with a mule. This bill bought so much hope and relief to those with nothing only to close the bill a year later.

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Because the blacks did not get their promised land, they continued to be poor and resorted to sharecropping with rich southern farmers. In other terms, sharecropping was basically another form of slavery.

African Americans were put into debt and had to work it off in an endless cycle. This system was very ineffective as it failed to help blacks economically.

Freedom did not last long, since segregation between whites and blacks increased and they were forced into a lifestyle similar to their previous one. Inwhen the Emancipation Proclamation was passed, all slaves in the Confederacy were permanently freed. The 13th, 14th, and 15th amendment goals were to give African Americans and other minorities a chance to strive in their communities and stop discrimination against races.

In the 14th amendment, blacks were deemed separate but equal. Cruickshankblacks were attacked by white supremacists, but the conviction was overturned by the federal government because it was not the state that discriminated against civil rights rather it was individuals.

This is rather unfair and unjust as African Americans are being looked down upon as an inferior race and they are not receiving equal treatment. Following reconstruction, southern states imposed segregation upon African Americans and prevented them from voting.

Jim Crow laws were passed in which its purpose was to keep blacks servile to whites. Black codes became a part of southern law, limiting the rights of blacks. The laws required freedmen to work as sharecroppers, and if they were found vagrant, they would be heavily fined.

Southerners even prevented blacks from voting by using clever tactics that put blacks in constant fear. Ina private militia called the Ku Klux Klan was established with a task of forcing free slaves to follow Black codes and those who opposed would be severely punished.


This was how southerners attempted to reinstitute white supremacy. The main goal of reconstruction was to ensure the same rights of white citizens for newly freed slaves. However the goal was a complete failure as African Americans did not have equal but limited rights. As an opposing argument made by Kenneth M.

Stampp, in the long run, the 14th and 15th amendment are now included in the federal constitution. African Americans now have freedom to vote and are no longer deprived of civil rights. The amendments were adopted from the reconstruction era and after a few years of radical reconstruction; African Americans received their rightful civil and political rights.

The purpose of reconstruction has failed as the lives of African Americans did not change much after the civil war. The government made empty promises and instituted laws that only partially protected freedmen.

The overall success of reconstruction was a failure as the south and African Americans did not have an improvement in economy.The Reconstruction era was the period from to in American term has two applications: the first applies to the complete history of the entire country from to following the American Civil War; the second, to the attempted transformation of the 11 ex-Confederate states from to , as directed by Congress.

Cause: American Civil War. The Civil War: Reconstruction - The Civil war could very easily be known as one of the greatest tragedies in United States history. After the Civil War, the people of The United States had so much anger and hatred towards each other and the government that 11 Southern states seceded from the Nation and parted into two pieces.

Overview. By the end of the Civil War, the South was in a state of political upheaval, social disorder, and economic decay. The Union’s tactics of total war destroyed southern crops, plantations, and entire cities, and hundreds of thousands of emancipated slaves rushed to Union lines as their masters fled the oncoming Union army.

An analysis of the failure of reconstruction after the civil war in the united states

May 26,  · Reconstruction was an effort to reunite a nation shattered by civil war, build a new society in the South on the ashes of slavery, and bring into being for the first time in our history an. Examples of failures in history would be the Articles of Confederation, post-Civil War Reconstruction, and the Treaty of Versailles that ended World War I.

However, with each different failure in history, there are different reasons for why these failures occurred. After the Civil War the country was in disarray.

An analysis of the failure of reconstruction after the civil war in the united states

The country needed to be brought back together. This is where reconstruction comes into play. The reconstruction period of the United States was good and bad. It caused a lot of violence at the time but was successful and better for the country in the.

Civil War and Reconstruction, | Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History