Archaic period in Greece Dipylon Vase of the late Geometric period, or the beginning of the Archaic period, c. In the 8th century BC, Greece began to emerge from the Dark Ages which followed the fall of the Mycenaean civilization.
The largest, Spartacontrolled about square miles of territory; the smallest had just a few hundred people. However, by the dawn of the Archaic period in the seventh century B.
They all had economies that were based on agriculture, not trade: Also, most had overthrown their hereditary kings, or basileus, and were ruled by a small number of wealthy aristocrats.
Visit Website These people monopolized political power. For example, they refused to let ordinary people serve on councils or assemblies.
They also monopolized the best farmland, and some even claimed to be descended from the gods. Land was the most important source of wealth in the city-states; it was also, obviously, in finite supply. The pressure of population growth pushed many men away from their home poleis and into sparsely populated areas around Greece and the Aegean.
By the end of the seventh century B. Each of these poleis was an independent city-state. In this way, the colonies of the Archaic period were different from other colonies we are familiar with: The people who lived there were not ruled by or bound to the city-states from which they came.
The new poleis were self-governing and self-sufficient. The Rise of the Tyrants As time passed and their populations grew, many of these agricultural city-states began to produce consumer goods such as pottery, cloth, wine and metalwork. Trade in these goods made some people—usually not members of the old aristocracy—very wealthy.
These people resented the unchecked power of the oligarchs and banded together, sometimes with the aid of heavily-armed soldiers called hoplites, to put new leaders in charge.
These leaders were known as tyrants. Some tyrants turned out to be just as autocratic as the oligarchs they replaced, while others proved to be enlightened leaders. Pheidon of Argos established an orderly system of weights and measures, for instance, while Theagenes of Megara brought running water to his city.
However, their rule did not last: The colonial migrations of the Archaic period had an important effect on its art and literature: Sculptors created kouroi and korai, carefully proportioned human figures that served as memorials to the dead.
Scientists and mathematicians made progress too: Anaximandros devised a theory of gravity; Xenophanes wrote about his discovery of fossils; and Pythagoras of Kroton discovered his famous theorem.
The economic, political, technological and artistic developments of the Archaic period readied the Greek city-states for the monumental changes of the next few centuries.In Ancient Greek, 'polis' is a word describing small communities of Greek citizens.
The people in these communities agreed on specific rules, customs, See full answer below. Study Koine Greek in Jerusalem, Israel, at Polis - The Jerusalem Institute of Languages and Humanities. The institute was established by a group of academics with the shared goal of promoting the learning of ancient and Semitic languages.
Apr 04, · In the polis, there were two special places: Acropolis and Agora. These two places had significant meaning in Greek Civilization. Acropolis may represent the center of religion in Greek polis and Agora would represent the center of political, social and economic activities.
The Ancient Spartan Military - Weapons, Warriors and Warfare. The Military of Sparta and their wars. Spartan battles, wars and armor. Hoplite warfare and the battle of thermopylae. Greek And Roman Religion – The Worship Of The Dead. When we think of Greek and Roman religion or the classical world generally, we usually have in mind the kingdoms and empires that grew out of the city-states of ancient Greece and Italy.
Polis The Decapolis, from the Greek meaning the "Ten Cities," was a district on the east and south-east of The Sea Of Galilee consisting of ten cities which were mainly inhabited by .