A biography of the american developmental psychologist erik erikson 1902 1994

Is it okay to have been me? Reflection on life Hope: Mistrust oral-sensory, Infancy, under 2 years [ edit ] Existential Question: Can I Trust the World?

A biography of the american developmental psychologist erik erikson 1902 1994

She was married to Jewish stockbroker Valdemar Isidor Salomonsen, but had been estranged from him for several months at the time Erik was conceived.

Little is known about Erik's biological father except that he was a Danish gentile. On discovering her pregnancy, Karla fled to FrankfurtGermanywhere Erik was born on June 15, and was given the surname Salomonsen. In she married Erik's Jewish pediatrician, Theodor Homburger.

InErik Salomonsen's name was changed to Erik Homberger, and in Erik was officially adopted by his stepfather.

A biography of the american developmental psychologist erik erikson 1902 1994

During his childhood and early adulthood he was known as Erik Homberger, and his parents kept the details of his birth a secret. He was a tall, blond, blue-eyed boy who was raised in the Jewish religion. At temple school, the kids teased him for being a Nordic ; at grammar school, they teased him for being Jewish.

Uncertain about his vocation and his fit in society, Erikson began a lengthy period of roaming about Germany and Italy as a wandering artist with his childhood friend Peter Blos and others. During this period he continued to contend with questions about his father and competing ideas of ethnic, religious, and national identity.

He specialized in child analysis and underwent a training analysis with Anna Freud. Helene Deutsch and Edward Bibring supervised his initial treatment of an adult.

This and his Montessori diploma were to be Erikson's only earned academic credentials for his life's work. Unable to regain Danish citizenship because of residence requirements, the Eriksons left for the United States, where citizenship would not be an issue.

While at Yale he became a naturalized citizen of the United States and changed his family's surname from his adoptive father's name of "Homburger" to "Erikson. He made important contacts with anthropologists such as Margaret MeadGregory Bateson and Ruth Benedictand these contacts, in turn, led to an excursion inwhich was to prove significant in the development of his thinking; he was invited to observe the education of native Sioux children on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota.

In addition, in San Francisco he opened a private practice in child psychoanalysis. While in California he was able to make his second study of Native American children when he joined anthropologist Alfred Kroeber on a field trip to Northern California to study the Yurok.

In the National Endowment for the Humanities selected Erikson for the Jefferson Lecturethe United States' highest honor for achievement in the humanities. Erikson's lecture was titled "Dimensions of a New Identity". According to Erikson, the environment in which a child lived was crucial to providing growth, adjustment, a source of self-awareness and identity.

Erikson won a Pulitzer Prize [16] and a U. National Book Award in category Philosophy and Religion [17] for Gandhi's Truthwhich focused more on his theory as applied to later phases in the life cycle.

In Erikson's discussion of development, rarely did he mention a stage of development by age but in fact did refer to a prolonged adolescence which has led to further investigation into a period of development between adolescence and young adulthood called emerging adulthood [18]. Only when both extremes in a life-stage challenge are understood and accepted as both required and useful, can the optimal virtue for that stage surface.

Thus, 'trust' and 'mis-trust' must both be understood and accepted, in order for realistic 'hope' to emerge as a viable solution at the first stage.

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Similarly, 'integrity' and 'despair' must both be understood and embraced, in order for actionable 'wisdom' to emerge as a viable solution at the last stage.

The Erikson life-stage virtue, in order of the eight stages in which they may be acquired, are:vetconnexx.com Erik Homburger Erikson (born Erik Salomonsen; 15 June – 12 May ) was a German-American developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst known for his theory on psychological development of human beings.

Look at other dictionaries: Erik Erikson — Erik Homburger Erikson (* Juni bei Frankfurt am Main; † Mai in Harwich, Massachusetts, USA) war ein deutsch amerikanischer Psychoanalytiker und Vertreter der psychoanalytischen Ichpsychologie.

A biography of the american developmental psychologist erik erikson 1902 1994

Erik Erikson was born June 15, , in Frankfurt, Germany. His young Jewish mother, Karla Abrahamsen, raised Erik by herself for a time before marrying a physician, Dr. Theodor Homberger. The fact that Homberger was not, in fact, his biological father was concealed from Erikson for many years.

Erik Erikson. Years Alive: June 15, May 12, Field/Perspective: Psychoanalysis A survey showed that clinical psychologists in the American Psychological Association revealed that 82% used the Rorschach inkblot test at least occasionally.

The test has been shown to be effective in the diagnosis of illnesses characterized. - Erik Erikson quotes from vetconnexx.com - Erik Erikson Man's true taproots are nourished in the sequence of generations, and he loses his taproots in disrupted developmental .

Erik Erikson (15 June – 12 May ) was a German-born American developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst known for his theory on psychosocial development of human beings. He may be most famous for coining the phrase identity crisis.

Erik Erikson by Sandra Monreal on Prezi